School Directory

1920 – 1940

Historical Events | Literature | Music | Fine Arts | Graphic Arts

Historical Events
1920 First American radio station, KDKA, in Pittsburgh.
Expressionist film The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.
1921 Luigi Pirandello writes Six Characters in Search of an Author.
1922 Benito Mussolino marches on Rome. T.S. Eliot writes The Waste Land.
James Joyce publishes Ulysses. Emily Post writes Etiquette.
Sinclair Lewis publishes Babbit.
1923 Adolph Hitler's beer–hall putsch in Munich. Henry Luce founds Time magazine.
Sarah Bernhardt dies. Hit songs: "Barney Google" and "Yes, We Have No Bananas."
1924 J. Edgar Hoover appointed director of FBI. Constantin Stanislavsky writes
My Life in Art. First Winter Olympics.
1925 Sergei Eisenstein's masterpiece, The Battleship Potemkin. Hitler writes Mein Kampf.
F. Scott Fitzgerald writes The Great Gatsby. Franz Kafka's The Trial published.
John T. Scopes "Monkey" Trail.
1926 Rudolph Valentino dies. Ernest Hemingway writes The Sun Also Rises.
A.A. Milne writes Winnie–the–Pooh. Gertrude Ederle first woman to swim English Channel.
1927 The first "talkie" The Jazz Singer. Ivan Petrovich writes Conditioned Reflexes.
Charles Lindberg flies non–stop from New York to Paris. Babe Ruth hits sixty home runs.
Nicola Sacco dies. Lizzie Borden dies. Isadore Duncan dies.
Jerome Kern's "Ol' Man River" becomes a hit.
1928 U.S.S.R.'s first Five–Year Plan. D.H. Lawrence publishes Lady Chaterley's Lover.
Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
Amelia Earhart flies the Atlantic. Geiger counter invented. Mickey Mouse's first film
1929 William Faulkner writes The Sound and the Fury. Stock market crashes, October 28.
Erich Maria Remarque writes All Quiet on the Western Front. Sergei Diaghilev dies.
St. Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago. Hoagy Carmichael composes "Stardust."
1930 Noel Coward writes Private Lives. Dashiell Hammett writes The Maltese Falcon.
Grant Wood paints American Gothic.
1931 Boris Karloff stars in Frankenstein. Charles Chaplin releases City Lights.
Pearl Buck writes The Good Earth. Salvador Dali paints The Persistence of Memory.
Empire State Building completed. "Star Spangled Banner" becomes U.S. national anthem.
1932 Aldous Huxley writes Brave New World. Shirley temple stars in first movie.
Erskine Caldwell writes Tobacco Road.
1933 Hitler appointed chancellor. United States abandons gold standard.
1934 Joseph Stalin begins purge of Communist party. France launches S.S.Normadie.
King Kong abducts Faye Raye. Louis Comfort Tiffany dies.
Arnold Joseph Toynbee begins A Study of History. John Dillinger shot by FBI.
1935 Alfred Hitchcockk directs The Thirty–Nine Steps. President Roosevelt signs
Social Security Act. George Gershwin composes Porgy and Bess.
Alchoholics Anonymous founded.
1936 King George V dies. King Edward VIII abdicates. Frank Lloyd Wight designs Falling Water.
Margaret Mitchell writes Gone with the Wind. Jesse Owens wins four Olympic gold medals.
Dale Carnegie writes How to Win Friends and Influence People. Spanish Civil war begins.
1937 Picasso paints Guernica. Hindenberg dirigible burns at Lakehurst,N.J.
John D. Rockefeller dies at 98. Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson.
Jean Renoir directs La grande Illusion. Walt Disney releases Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.
1938 Neville Chamberlain seeks peace with Hitler at Munich. Daphne Du Maurier writes Rebecca.
"Flat foot Floogie with a Floy Floy" becomes a hit song. Chester Carlson invents xerography.
1939 Hitler signs a nonaggression pact with Stalin. World War II begins. Signmund Freud dies.
John Steinbeck writes The Grapes of Wrath. Edwin Armstrong develops FM broadcasting.

W. H. Auden (1907–1973)
Jorge Luis Borges (1899–1986)
Berthold Brecht (1898–1956)
Pearl Buck (1892–1973)
Agatha Christie (1891–1976)
Noel Coward (1899–1973)
Hart Crane (1899–1932)
T. S. Eliot (1888–1965)
F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896–1940)
William Faulkner (1897–1962)
C. S. Forester (1899–1966)
E. M. Forster (1879–1970)
Andre Gide (1869–1951)
Maxim Gorky (1868–1936)
Graham Greene (b. 1904)
Ernest Hemingway (1889–1961)
Herman Hesse (1877–1962)
Aldous Huxley (1894–1963)
Christopher Isherwood (1904–1986)
James Jones (1921–1977)
Franz Kafka (1883–1924)
Sinclair Lewis (1885–1951)
Thomas Mann (1875–1955)
H. L. Mencken (1880–1956)
Ana'fs Nin (1903–1977)
John O'Hara (1905–1970)
Eugene O'Neill (1888–1953)
Dorothy Parker (1893–1967)
John dos Passes (1896–1970)
Ezra Pound (1885–1972)
John Steinbeck (1902–1968)
Arnold Toynbee (1889–1975)
Evelyn Waugh (1903–1966)
P. G. Wodehouse (1881–1975)
Thomas Wolfe (1900–1938)
Virginia Woolf (1882–1941)

Bela Bartok (1881–1945)
Alban Berg (1885–1935)
Marc Blitzstein (1906–1964)
Benjamin Britten (1913–1976)
Aaron Copeland (1900–1990)
George Gershwin (1898–1937)
Paul Hindemith (1895–1963)
Arthur Honegger (1892–1955)
Aram Khachaturian (1903–1978)
Zoltan Kodaly (1882–1967)
Gian–Carlo Menotti (b.1911)
Oliver Messiaen (1908–1992)
Darius Milhaud (1892–1974)
Francis Poulenc (1899–1963)
Serge! Prokofiev (1891–1953)
Dmitri Shostakovich (1906–1975)
Robert Stolz (1882–1975)
Virgil Thompson (1896–1989)
Heitor Villa–Lobos (1887–1959)
William Walton (1902–1983)
Kurt Weill (1900–1950)

Fine Arts
Josef Albers (1888–1976)
Bathus (Count Bathasar Klossowski de Rola) (1908–2001)
Max Beckmann (1884–1950)
Thomas Hart Benton (1889–1975)
Marcel Breuer (1902–1981)
Alexander Calder (1898–1976)
Le Corbusier (Charles Edouard Jeaneret) (1887–1965)
John Steuart Curry (1897–1946)
Salvador Dali (1904–1989)
Stuart Davis (1894–1964)
Paul Delvaux (1897–1994)
Charles Demuth (1883–1935)
OttO Dix (1891–1969)
Arthur Dove (1880–1946)
Walter Gropius (1883–1969)
Karl Hofer (1878–1955)
Edward Hopper (1882–1967)
Johannes Itten (1888–1967)
Rene Magritte (1898–1967)
Andre Masson (1896–1987)
Roberto Matta Echaurren (b. 1912)
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886–1969)
Joan Miro (1893–1983)
Laszlo Moholy–Nagy (1895–1946)
Henry Moore (1898–1986)
Georgia O'Keeffe (1887–1986)
Jose Orozco (1883–1949)
Amedee Ozenfant (1886–1966)
Diego Rivera (1886–1957)
Oscar Schlemmer (1888–1943)
Kurt Schwitters (1887–1948)
Charles Sheeler (1883–1965)
David Siqueiros (1896–1974)
Yves Tanguy (1900–1955)
Grant Wood (1892–1942)

Graphic Arts
M. F. Agha (1896–1978)
Herbert Bayer (1900–1986)
Lester Beall (1903–1969)
Joseph Binder (1898–1972)
Robert Bonfils (1886–1972)
Alexey Brodovitch (1898–1971)
Will Burtin (1908–1972)
Jean Carlu (b. 1900)
A. M. Cassandre (Adolphe Jean–McMouron) (1901–1968)
Howard Chandler Christie (1873–195
Thomas M. Cleland (1880–1964)
Paul Colin (1892–1986)
Theo van Doesburg (1883–1931)
D. W. Dwiggins (1880–1956)
James Montgomery Flagg (1877–196
Eric Gill (1882–1940)
George Giusti (b.1908)
Raoul Hausmann (1886–1971)
John Heartfield (Helmut Herzfeld) (1891–1968)
John Held (1889–1958) ,
Vilmos Huszar (1884–1960)
Gyorgy Kepes (1906–2001)
Rudolph Koch (1876–1934)
Jan van Krimpen (1892–1958)
Bart van der Leek (1876–1958)
J. C. Leyendecker (1874–1951)
Leo Lionni (1910–1999)
Herbert Matter (1907–1984)
E. McKnight–Kauffer (1890–1954)
Laszlo Moholy–Nagy (1895–1946)
Stanley Morison (1889–1967)
Erik Nitsche (b 1908)
Giovanni Pintori (1912–1999)
Paul Rand (1914–1996)
Paul Renner (1878–1956)
Alexander Rodchenko (1891–1956)
Norman Rockwell (1894–1978)
Xanti Schawinsky (1904–1979)
Ladislav Sutnar (1897–1976)
Bradbury Thompson (1911–1995)
Jan Tschichold (1902–1974)
H. N. Werkman (1882–1945)
Piet Zwart (1885–1977)

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