School Directory

1500 – 1600

Historical Events | Literature | Music | Fine Arts | Graphic Arts

Historical Events
1501 Books printed before 1501 are called incunabula. Michelangelo finishes David.
Moors persecuted in Spain. Aldus cuts first Italics face; lowercase only.
1503 Leonardo da Vinci paints Mona Lisa.
1504 Raphael paints Marriage of the Virgin.
1506 Christopher Columbus dies. St. Peter's Basilica in Rome rebuilt under Bramante.
1507 New World named America after Amerigo Vespucci.
1508 Henie of Nuremberg invents pocket watch. Birth of architect Palladio.
1509 First slaves brought to America by the Spanish.
1511 Erasmus writes The Praise of Folly.
1512 Michelangelo finishes painting Sistine Chapel. Ponce de Leon discovers Florida.
1513 Balboa discovers Pacific Ocean. Machiavelli writes The Prince.
1514 Durer creates Melancholia.
1516 Thomas More writes Utopia.
1517 Martin Luther protests Papal corruption, the sale of indulgences.
Posts his ninety–five theses on church door at Wittenberg. Beginning of Reformation.
1517 Cortes discovers Mexico.
1519 Magellan begins circumnavigation of globe.
1519 Charles V crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1521 Spanish conquest of Aztecs.
1523 Europeans expelled from China. First German translation of the Bible.
1527 Charles v's troops sack Rome.
1530 Portugal establishes colonies in Brazil. Violin maker Andrea Amati born.
1533 Ivan the Terrible crowned in Moscow.
1534 Henry VIII heads English Church. Order of Jesuits established.
First book printed in Western Hemisphere, in Mexico.
1535 Jacques Cartier discovers St. Lawrence River.
1537 First Bible printed in English by Miles Coverdale.
1549 Christophe Plantin establishes his printing workshop in Antwerp.
1541 De Soto discovers Mississippi River.
1545 Council of Trent established to reform Catholic Church. Counter–Reformation begins.
1546 Cellini creates masterpiece, Perseus, and writes autobiography.
1550 Vasari writes Lives of the Artists. 1555 American tobacco introduced into Spain.
1558 Elizabeth i ascends throne of England.
1559 Roman Catholic Church starts its Index of Prohibition.
1560 Scottish parliament adopts Calvinism. Geneva Bible first to number verses.
1564 Shakespeare born. Michelangelo dies.
1565 Tobacco introduced into England. First manufacture of pencils in England.
Death of Suleiman the Magnificent.
1568 Mercator gives name to new map form.
1575 London population approximately 180,000.
1577 Francis Drake begins voyage around world. El Greco settles in Toledo.
1580 Montaigne publishes Essays.
1582 Gregorian calendar adopted in Catholic nations.
1584 Sir Walter Raleigh discovers Virginia.
1586 Kabuki theater established in Japan.
1588 Spanish Armada defeated by English.
1589 Henri iv becomes king of France.
1594 Shakespeare writes Romeo and Juliet.
1598 Edict of Nantes grants French freedom of worship.

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Pietro Aretino (1492–1556)
Ludovico Ariosto (1474–1533)
Sir Francis Bacon (1561–1626)
Baldassare Castiglione (1478–1529)
John Donne (1572–1631)
Joachim Du Bellay (1522–1560)
Desiderius Erasmus (1466–1536)
Ben Jonson (1572–1637)
Niccolo Machiavelli (1469–1527)
Christopher Marlowe (1564–1593)
Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592)
Margaret of Navarre (1492–1549)
Thomas More (1478–1535)
François Rabelais (ca.1490–1553)
Pierre de Ronsard (1524–1585)
William Shakespeare (1564–1616)
Sir Philip Sidney (1554–1586)
Edmund Spenser (1552–1599)
Torquato Tasso (1544–1595)
Georgio Vasari (1511–1574)
Thomas Wyatt (1503–1542)


William Byrd (1543–1623)
John Dowland (1562–1626)
Giovannj Gabrieli (ca.1554–1612)
Carlo Gesualdo (ca.1560–1613)
Orlando di Lasso (ca.1532–1594)
Claudio Monteverdi (ca.1567–1643)
Thomas Morley (ca.1557–ca.1603)
Giovanni da Palestrina (ca.1525–1594)
Thomas Tallis (ca. 1510–1585)

Fine Arts

Albrecht Altdorfer (1480–1538)
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525–1569)
Bronzino (Agnolo di Cosimo di Mariano) (1503–1572)
Vittore Carpaccio (ca.1450–1522)
Benvenuto Cellini (1500–1571)
Jean Clouet (ca. 1485–1540)
Frangois Clouet (ca.1510–ca.1572)
Correggio (Antonio Allegri) (ca.1494–1534)
Lucas Cranach, the Younger (1472–1553)
Albrecht Durer (1471–1528)
Giorgione (ca. 1478–1510)
El Greco (ca. 1541–1614)
Mathias Grunewald (ca.1470–1528)
Giulio Romano (ca. 1492–1546)
Hans Holbein the Younger (1497–1543
Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475–1564)
Andrea Palladio (1508–1580)
Parmigiano (Francesco Mazzola) (1503–1540)
Jacopo da Pontormo (1494–1556)
Francesco Primaticcio (1504–1570)
Raphael Santi (1483–1520)
Giovanni Battista Rosso (1495–1540)
Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti) (1518–1594)
Titian (ca. 1490–1576)
Paolo Veronese (1528–1588)

Graphic Arts

John Day (b.1522)
Henri Estienne (1470–1520)
Robert Estienne (1503–1559)
Johann Froben (1460–1527
Claude Garamond (1480–1561)
Robert Granjon (d.1579)
Simon de Colines (d.1546)
Geofroy Tory (1480–1553)
Christophe Plantin (1514–1589)
Jan Moretus (d.1610)
Gerardus Mercator (1512–1594)
Richard Pynson (fl.1518)

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